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Albert Einstein at School Important Extra Questions and Answers Class 11 English Snapshots
Albert Einstein at School Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type
“I think it’s not facts that matter, but ideas.” To whom did Einstein say this and why?
Einstein said it to Mr Braun, the history teacher, in his Munich school. He hated learning dates and facts by heart. He argued that ideas were more important than rote learning. He was not interested in knowing when the battles were fought but why they were fought.
Do you think Albert is being impolite while answering the history teacher’s questions? Give your reasons.
Though Albert addresses his history teacher politely, he is being impudent. If he did have a problem, he should have spoken to the teacher separately. Questioning the teacher’s views on education in a class was impolite and rude.
Albert addresses his history teacher politely. His answers are straightforward and blunt but his opinions are strong. A firm conviction cannot be termed as rudeness.
What characteristic of Einstein’s nature is highlighted by the exchanges between him and the teacher?
The exchanges between Einstein and the teacher show him to be a person with firm convictions; he is frank and straightforward. Even at the cost of punishment he is not willing to compromise on his views. He comes across as one who will chart his own course rather than follow the beaten track.
Why did Albert see no point in learning dates and facts?
Einstein told Mr Braun, the history teacher, “I think it’s not facts that matter, but ideas.” He hated learning dates and facts by heart. He argued that ideas were more important than learning by rote. He was not interested in knowing when the battles were fought but why they were fought.
What was Einstein’s reaction to the history teacher’s sarcasm?
Mr Braun, his history teacher, was unhappy with Albert unwilling to leam facts or dates. When he admitted that he did not see any point in learning dates, the teacher taunted him by calling his views the ‘Einstein theory of education’. Albert argued that it was ideas that were important but nevertheless, felt miserable.
Why did Albert feel miserable when he left school that day?
When he left school that day, Albert felt miserable because his day at school, like most other days, had been bad and he had gotten into an argument with his teacher for which he had been punished. Secondly, he had to go back to the same school the next day. Moreover, the idea of going back to his lodgings with the atmosphere of domestic violence did not cheer him up.
Why and what did his history teacher report to the head teacher?
Mr Braun was shocked and furious with Albert’s candid reply. He believed that Albert had no desire to learn and was wasting his father’s money. He punished Albert by detaining him after school. He also reported to the head teacher that his work was horrible; he was a rebel and hindered teaching work in class.
Albert was equally unhappy at his lodging. Why?
Albert was miserable at his lodging. His father was a man of modest means, had got him a room in an ugly area. Albert.had no comfort and did not like the food there. The atmosphere was bad as his landlady kept beating her children and her husband came drunk and beat her.
What did Yuri say to him about violence in the hostel?
Yuri told Einstein that he was fortunate to have an accommodation to himself. The people around him were poor but not uncivilized like the ones with whom he shared his accommodation. Yuri also told him about the uncivilized students, sharing his accommodation, who fought. The authorities did not take action but merely told them not to do so.
Who was Elsa? What was her advice to Albert?
Elsa was Einstein’s cousin who lived in Berlin. She visited him of and on. She encouraged him in his studies and tried to assure him that it was not difficult to pass his examination. All he had to do was learn like a parrot, like the stupid boys who did that and passed.
What book did Elsa see Albert carrying under his arm? What did she say about it? What does it reveal about him?
Albert was interested in reading books on science. Elsa saw him with a geology book, a subject that was not taught in school. She pointed out to him that it would not help him pass his diploma. It however, showed that he was a learner and he liked reading what actually interested him.
Why does the biographer refer to Albert’s interest in music as a comfort?
Albert was having a bad time at school where he was supposed to cram facts in which he had no interest. The teachers would taunt him and punish him. Even at his lodging, he had no comfort. All this made him miserable. He turned to music as his only solace.
Why did the landlady ask Albert to stop playing music? How did he feel?
Albert was miserable both in school and in his lodgings. He found comfort only in music. He liked playing the violin and played it till the landlady stopped him. She had no ear for music, and the wailing and howling of the children coupled with the sound of the music got on her nerves.
What kind of a certificate was Albert looking for? Why?
Albert told Yuri that he wanted to discontinue with school. If, however, he went back to Milan he would be sent back by his father. He had a plan. If a doctor certified that he had a nervous breakdown and it would be bad for him to go to school, he could escape school.
Yuri calls Albert ‘the world’s worst liar’. Do you think this is an insult or a compliment?
Yuri called Albert ‘the world’s worst liar’ and meant it as a compliment to him. Yuri implied that Albert was so honest and straightforward that he could not tell lies successfully. His voice or manner betrayed him when he lied.
How did Yuri help him in his plan?
Yuri knew that Albert was miserable and wanted to help him. He knew of no doctors but referred him to his friend, a medical student, Ernst Weil. This young doctor had a license to practise and Yuri felt he could be of help.
Why was Albert nervous when he met the doctor? What does this nervousness indicate about his nature?
The whole day Albert had been wondering what to tell the doctor from whom he needed a certificate saying that he had had a nervous breakdown. He was in a nervous state, worrying about it, by the time he went to see the doctor. This showed his inherent truthfulness and honesty.
How did Albert hope to get admission to an Italian college without a diploma from the German school?
Albert went to Mr Koch, his teacher of mathematics, to get a recommendation. Mr Koch admired Albert and acknowledged Einstein’s superiority of merit, over his own. He got a recommendation from Mr Koch that said that he was fit to join an institute for higher education in mathematics.
What reason did the head teacher give for expelling Albert from school?
The head teacher expelled Albert from school because his work was ‘terrible’. Albert’s presence in the classroom also made it impossible for the teacher to teach and for other pupils to learn. He accused Albert of hindering serious work because he refused to learn and was in constant rebellion.
Describe Albert’s meeting with Ernst Weil.
Albert related his problem honestly to Ernst Weil though Yuri had informed the doctor of everything beforehand. The doctor, a student till recently, understood his problem. He judged, had Albert not been close to a nervous breakdown, he would not have gone to a doctor, thereby certifying that he keep away from school for six months.
Albert Einstein at School Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type
Were the teachers interested in understanding Albert and bringing out his potential?
The given extract mentions only three of the teachers—the history teacher, Mr Braun, the mathematics . teacher, Mr Koch, and the head teacher. The history teacher was not at all interested in bringing out Albert’s potential. He followed the traditional method of teaching history and laid more emphasis on the acquisition of knowledge, by rote learning, rather than the understanding of ideas. He also had a sarcastic attitude and mocked Albert for his views. He did not help the talented boy achieve his potential, rather he complained to the head teacher and got him expelled.
The mathematics teacher, Mr Koch, on the other hand, was very encouraging. He confessed that he could not teach Albert anymore; rather Albert would soon be able to teach him. The head teacher humiliated Albert and expelled him from the institution for being rebellious and for not allowing the class work to go on. Neither the history teacher nor the head teacher acknowledged Albert’s mathematical genius.
Why was Albert miserable in school? How did he plan to move out of it?
Albert Einstein was bom in a modest family and was sent to Munich to study at school for his diploma. He was an intelligent student but not good at rote learning dates and facts in history. Albert was miserable in school, where his teacher detested him for not adopting the conventional method of rote learning, and at the place where he lived. To escape the torture at school, he had a plan. He wanted to get a doctor’s certificate that declared he had had a nervous breakdown and was unfit to go to school.
Why was Albert miserable in Munich?
Albert Einstein was studying for his diploma in school, in Munich, which had a very conservative approach to education. Albert had an analytical and rational mind. He hated rote learning. This outraged Mr Braun, his history teacher. The teacher taunted him by calling his views the ‘Einstein theory of education’. The authorities believed that Albert had no desire to leam and was wasting his father’s money. The teacher punished Albert by detaining him for an extra period in school.
Albert was miserable as he returned to his lodging. He had got a room in an area that was ugly. Albert had no comfort, nor did he like the food there. The atmosphere was bad as his landlady kept beating her children and her husband came drunk and beat her. She even forbade him to play the violin. All this made him miserable. Expulsion from his school was a welcome relief to him.
Comment on the role of Yuri as described in the extract.
During that traumatic period in the school at Germany, Einstein’s only saviour was his friend Yuri. He lived in a hostel with some other students and often encouraged Albert when he was upset. Yuri was Albert’s friend, philosopher, and guide. Yuri helped Albert obtain a certificate to say that he had had a nervous breakdown by referring him to his friend, a medical student, Ernst Weil.
Yuri advised Albert into taking a certificate of recommendation from the mathematics teacher before seeing the head teacher. Albert got a recommendation from him stating that he was fit to join an institute for higher ‘ education in mathematics. It was this certificate that helped him join a college in Italy.
Yuri understood his friend and admired his honesty, calling him, ‘the world’s worst liar’. Albert met with Yuri before leaving Munich. Yuri bade him a good bye and wished him the best for his future.
Keeping the whole passage in mind, briefly discuss Einstein’s character as it is revealed here.
Albert Einstein was one of the greatest scientists of all times. As a young student, Einstein showed the sparks of his genius. His mathematics teacher had great respect for his ability and went so far as to say, “I can’t teach you more, and probably you’ll soon be able to teach me.”
Einstein was not interested in knowing factual details of historical events but their causes and effects, which infuriated his history teacher. The exchange between Einstein and the teacher show him as someone who is unwilling to compromise on his views, risking punishment. He is noted for his straightforwardness. He comes across as one who will chart his own course rather than follow the beaten track.
Yuri paid Albert’s virtue of honesty a compliment by calling him ‘the world’s worst liar’. Albert Einstein also loved music. He played the violin for his joy and comfort.
Albert abhorred violence and was unhappy in his lodgings because of his abhorrence for domestic violence.
Express your views on the educational system in Germany.
The educational systerp in Germany was organized along traditional lines. Albert Einstein’s miserable five years in the school at Munich are a telling comment on the system. It had no room for individual brilliance, aptitude and aspirations. Students were required to study a regular number of subjects. Stress was laid on the learning of facts rather than its cause and effects.
Elsa assured Einstein, it was easy to pass an examination by learning by rote, like a parrot. The system discouraged genius and creativity. No effort was made to understand the students their problems or emotions. Mr Braun, the history teacher, was completely insensitive to Albert’s feelings and taunted him about his ideas by calling them the ‘Einstein theory of education’.
Teachers and authorities insisted on discipline and conformity. The head teacher expelled Albert Einstein from school for arguing his point of view with the teacher.
The educational system in Germany was rigid and laid more emphasis on mindless cramming of facts than on understanding or creativity.
Who were Yuri and Elsa? What role did they play in Einstein’s life?
Albert Einstein was studying for his diploma in a school in Munich, where he was unhappy. He hated learning dates and facts by heart and candidly confessed his apathy of learning dates and dry facts; he believed in ideas. He was equally miserable when he went to his lodging because of the violence around him there.
The only people he could depend on were Elsa and Yuri. Elsa was his cousin who lived in Berlin. She encouraged him in his studies and tried to assure him that it was not difficult to pass his examination. All he had to do was learn like a parrot like other stupid boys who did that and passed. Yuri, his friend, too gave him a lot of support, and introduced him to Ernst Weil, helping him get out of his miserable existence in Munich.
Why did Albert feel the ‘certificate burning a hole in his pocket’?
The doctor, Ernst Weil, referred by Yuri, falsely certified that Albert had had a nervous breakdown and should be kept away from school for six months. However, before he could go to the head teacher, Albert was summoned and expelled from school. The reason given was that he neither wanted to study nor was his presence conducive for others eager to learn. He knew that was not true. He wanted to show him the certificate to prove that he was equally miserable and wanted to get rid of the school as he was not in agreement with the methods of teaching there.