Here we are providing The Brook Extra Questions and Answers Class 9 English Literature Reader, Extra Questions for Class 9 English was designed by subject expert teachers.
The Brook Extra Questions and Answers Class 9 English Literature
The Brook Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type
Answer the following questions briefly.
The poet has repeated certain lines in the poem. What is this repetition called? Why is it used in this poem?
This repetition is called a refrain. It adds music and brings out the poet’s philosophy—the contrast between man’s mortality and the eternal nature of the brook.
How does the brook babble? Why has the narrator used this word?
When the brook passes over pebbles and stones, it makes a lot of noise. It seems as if it were babbling or talking gaily.
Why has the sound created by the brook called “chatter”?
As the brook passes over small and large stones, it makes a series of high-pitched sounds like monkeys do. Hence it has been called chatter.
When does the sound of the brook resemble a “murmur”?
When the brook reaches the end of its journey the speed slows down considerably and the sound resembles a “murmur”.
What do “skimming swallows” refer to?
“Skimming swallows” refer to the swallows which are a kind of bird that “skim” or lightly touch the surface of the brook as they fly very close to the surface of the brook.
The Brook Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type
How does the poet use the brook to draw a parallel with the life of a man?
This is a poem that traces the life of a brook or a small stream as it emerges from the mountaintop and flows down the hills and across valleys to empty into the river. On a deeper level, the poet uses the brook to draw a parallel with the life of a man. Like the brook, man is energetic, lively and moves swiftly when he is young but slows down later on in life just like the brook does before it reaches the river.
Describe the various things a brook travels past to join the river.
The brook emerges from’the mountaintop where coots and herons live and flows down the hills and across valleys to empty into the river. It bubbles with energy as it flows down the hill side making a lot of noise.
As it passes through different landforms, like forests, fields that are either fertile or fallow, grassy lawns and flower- filled gardens with forget-me-nots and hazel trees, if slows down considerably. It does not follow a straight path but meanders on around rocks and boulders without letting anything stop its path. Thus it continues to flow from its source to the river eternally.
Explain the lines “For men may come and men may go but I go on for ever.”
These lines highlight the eternal nature of the brook which continues to flow year after year from its source to the river without fail. It expresses the fact that though men die and others are born, the brook is immortal. Therefore these lines highlight the short-lived quality of human life as compared to nature which is eternal.
Write the autobiography of the brook before it meets the river.
- Make a sudden appearance by emerging from the mountains, the dwelling place of water birds (coot and hem). Sparkle and shine among the fern (flowerless plants) because the sun’s rays are reflected off by it.
- Flow down valley quickly in a very noisy manner.
- Flow by stony ways, create a whirlpool (eddying bay) -and chatter because of the stones and pebbles in its path.
- As I flow further, erode banks, flow by fields, infertile barren lands and a foreland filled with flowers (willow-weed and mallow).
- Then meander in and out, and carry blossoms, silt, fish(grayling and trout) and gravel.
- Some changes in the terrain; my water hits many hard objects, causing the water to split in various directions and foam formation.
- As I come closer towards the river, in the plains, movement becomes slower, gentle, calm, quiet and soft.
- Flow smoothly by the lawns and grassy plots; and the hazel covers and the forget- me-nots flowers.
- The sunlight falls on my water; water becomes shallower.
- At night flow through thorny forests; by eroded pebbles and stones slowly and by cresses.
- Join the brimming river.
In the poem, the brook is the narrator and the brook describes its own journey. Do you think the poet has a reason for this? Give your own answers.
(Encourage the students to think creatively and formulate their own answers.)
The poet uses a poetic device known as personification. The brook narrates the story like a person and as ‘ such we are able to relate to its journey. He uses this poetic device to draw a parallel between people and nature. I think the poet made the brook the narrator to being in a different perspective as well as see life and its different stages from a whole different point of view.
The Brook Extra Questions and Answers Reference to Context
Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow.
On the basis of your understanding of the lines given below, answer the following questions.
“I come from haunts of coot and hem,
I make a sudden sally
And sparkle out among the fem,
To bicker down a valley.”
(a) Explain: “I make a sudden sally”.
It means the brook emerges suddenly from its source among the ferns.
(b) Name the poetic device used in the last line?
The poetic device used in the last line is onomatopoeia.
“By thirty hills I hurry down,
Or slip between the ridges,
By twenty thorpes, a little town,
And half a hundred bridges.”
(a) Why is the brook said to slip between the ridges?
The brook glides noiselessly between the mountain ridges.
(b) What are thorpes?
Thorpes are villages.
(c) What is the poetic device used in the first line of this stanza?
The poetic device used in this stanza is personification. The river is described as hurrying down.
“Till last by Philip’s farm I flow
To join the brimming river,
For men may come and men may go,
But I go on for ever.”
(a) Where does the brook come from?
The brook comes from the mountains where coots and herons live.
(b) What is the river brimming with?
The river is brimming with fishes.
(c) The poet has repeated certain lines in the poem. What is this repetition called?
This repetition in certain lines of the poem is called refrain.
“I chatter over stony ways,
In little sharps and trebles,
I bubble into eddying bays,
I babble on the pebbles.”
(a) Explain: “I chatter over stony ways, In little sharps and trebles”?
The brook makes a musical sound as it moves over small pebbles and large stones.
(b) What are eddies?
Eddies are whirlpools created by the circular movement of the current.
(c) Name some of the poetic devices used in the stanza?
The poetic devices used are onomatopoeia, personification and alliteration.
“With many a curve my banks I fret
By many a field and fallow,
And many a fairy foreland set
With willow-weed and mallow.
(a) What kind of land areas are referred to here?
The kind of land being referred to here is a land that is fertile and also land that has become infertile.
(b) The movement of the brook at this stage is:
Fast and powerful.
“I wind about, and in and out,
With here a blossom sailing,
And here and there a lusty trout,
And here and there a grayling,”
(a) How does the brook’s movement “I wind about, and in and out” differ from its earlier movement?
In the beginning the brook hurries downhill but gradually it gently meanders along.
(b) What does the poet mean by the phrase ‘blossom sailing’.
It means that the sailing has become slower, smoother and more pleasant.
(c) Name the fishes that live in the river?
The fishes that live in the river are trout and grayling.
“I steal by lawns and grassy plots,
I slide by hazel covers;
I move the sweet forget-me-nots
That grow for happy lovers.”
(a) What places does the brook pass by?
The brook passes by lawns, grassy plots, woods where hazel trees grow and past bushes bearing forget- me-nots.
(b) Why does the poet say forget-me-nots grow for “happy lovers”?
The poet says this because forget-me-nots are flowers that symbolize eternal love.
“I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance,
Among my skimming swallows;
I make the netted sunbeam dance
Against my sandy shallows.”
(a) Who is “I”? Why has the poet called the narrator “I”?
The brook here is “I”. The poet uses the device of personification and has personified the brook to add authenticity and intimacy to the description.
(b) Name the poetic device used in Line 2?
The poetic device used in Line 2 is alliteration.
(c) What does “netted sunbeam” mean? How does it dance?
The interplay of sunshine and shadow makes the sunbeam appear to be trapped on the surface of the brook; it appears to dance due to the movement of the brook.
“I murmur under moon and stars
In brambly wildernesses;
I linger by my shingly bars;
I loiter round my cresses;”
(a) What is the difference between “bicker” and “murmur”?
Bicker expresses the loud noise created by the brook whereas murmur refers to a soft, whispering sound.
(b) Why do you think the brook is murmuring now?
The brook is about to reach the river and as it passes through wilderness or bushes, its speed is not very fast so the sound created resembles a murmur.
(c) How does the brook’s movement differ in these lines from the time when it starts?
The brook, at first, emerges suddenly from its source. But now it has a gentle, dawdling pace.
“And out again I curve and flow
To join the brimming river,
For men may come and men may go, :
But I go on for ever.”
(a) Where does the brook meander “out” of?
The brook meanders “out” of thorny bushes and lonely moors.
(b) Where does the brook flow from?
The brook flows down from the hilly areas where coot and herons are found.
(c) What does the poet mean by brimming river?
This means that the river is at the point of overflowing.