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The Seven Ages Extra Questions and Answers Class 9 English Literature
The Seven Ages Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type
Answer the following questions briefly.
In what sense are men and women merely players on the stage of life?
Men and women on earth are merely players in the drama of life. At birth, they enter the stage and on their death, they leave it. They play seven roles on the stage depending upon their age. Man passes through seven stages according to his age. Each age has certain special characteristics that man follows. Thus, he plays the part assigned to him.
What role does the soldier play?
The soldier comes on to the stage of life at the fourth stage. He swears all the time. The soldier is touchy * about his honour and is always ready to defend it. He is short-tempered and ambitious. He is willing to even risk his life for his reputation.
What does the poet mean when he says ‘Full of wise saws and modern instances’.
The poet is describing the judge and he says that the judge is full old enough to start passing his knowledge in the form of advice, proverbs and stories. He is also still young enough to make references to things that are contemporary.
The Seven Ages Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type
What is the theme of “The Seven Ages of Man” by William Shakespeare?
The poem deals with the theme of growing up and growing old. The poet talks a lot about the changes that the body and the mind go through as a man grows old. He talks about changing priorities, from the child being concerned about lessons and then love and finally money and security. At another level, the poem talks about the inevitability of change. Man constantly changes and death is inevitable—Shakespeare mentions I “mere oblivion” in the ending lines, giving some sort of finality to his ideas, showing that you can live your life, but everyone has to die.
Bring out the parallels between the life of man and actors on a stage?
The world is a stage, and that all human beings are actors on that stage. Like actors, we too have our entrances and exits; that is, we are born and we die, and like them we play different roles from the day that we are born. The stage thus stands for life (we say it is a metaphor for life) and the actors can represent all of us at different stages or ages in our lives.
Compare the parallelism to the journey of life in the poem “The Brook” with “The Seven Ages of Man”? The poem deals with the theme of growing up and growing old. The poet talks a lot about the changes that the body and the mind go through as a man grows old. He talks about changing priorities, from the child being concerned about lessons and then love and finally money and security.
At another level, the poem talks about the inevitability of change. Man constantly changes and death is inevitable—Shakespeare mentions “mere oblivion” in the ending lines, giving some sort of finality to his ideas, showing that you can live your life, but everyone has to die. Similarly in The Brook, the poet compares the brook’s journey with man’s journey of life. Like the brook, man is energetic, lively and moves swiftly when he is young but slows down later on in life just like the brook does before it empties into the river.
The Seven Ages Extra Questions and Answers Reference to Context
Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow.
“And all the men and women merely players:
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.”
(a) In what way is the world like a stage?
Life in this world is temporary like the actors” roles on the stage. Though the world carries on, human beings are born, their lives and die, just as the actors appear on the stage, play their parts and leave the stage.
(b) What does the poet mean by “exits” and “entrances”?
The poet means birth and death.
“They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.”
(a) To what do the seven roles that a man plays correspond?
The seven roles that a man plays correspond to the chronological age in life.
(b) Name the poetic device used in the above lines.
The poetic device used in the above lines is metaphor.
“At first the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.”
(a)Which is the first stage in a man’s life?
The first stage is that of the infant.
(b) What is an important characteristic of an infant?
The infant is dependent on others for fulfilling even his basic needs.
(c) What do you mean by mewling?
It means that the infant is crying.
“Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel “
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school.”
(a) In what way does the schoolboy differ from the infant in his behaviour?
The schoolboy is not dependent on a nurse for fulfilling even his basic needs.
(b) Pick words from the extract that show the child’s unwillingness to go to school?
Words like “whining”, “creeping”, “unwillingly” expresses the child’s unwillingness to go to school.
(c) Which poetic device is employed by the poet in the lines “creeping like snail unwillingly to school”.
The poetic device employed by the poet in this line is a simile.
“And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress’ eyebrow.”
(a) Name the poetic device used in “Sighing like furnace”?
The poetic device being used here is a simile.
(b) How does the lover spend his time?
The lover spends his time thinking about his beloved’s looks, writing poetry for his beloved and expressing his frustration in love by sighing.
(c) Which stage is that of the lover?
The third stage is that of the lover.
“Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon’s mouth.”
(a) Who is the person being described in the above line?
The person being described in the above lines is the soldier.
(b) What does the poet mean by bubble reputation?
The poet tries to describe the search for reputation to that of a bubble which exists only for a short time. As such, bubble reputation could mean fame for participating in a cause that seems to be meaningful but is, in fact, not worthwhile.
(c) What traits characterize this stage?
At this stage, the soldier is always ready to defend his honour. He is short-tempered, ambitious and is willing to risk his life for his reputation.
“And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon lined,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws and modem instances;
And so he plays his part.”
(a) Who does justice refer to and how does the justice look?
The justice refers to the judge and he looks overweight.
(b) What is his attitude towards the people around him?
The justice is authoritative and stem.
(c) What kind of a beard does he have?
The justice has a well-trimmed beard.
“Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and mere oblivion,
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.”
(a) What does the actor do after this scene?
After this scene the actor makes his exit, that is, he dies.
(b) Why does the poet call this stage “second childishness”?
The poet calls this stage “second childishness” as the man needs to be cared for like a child.
(c) Why does the poet call life “strange eventful history”?
The poet calls life a “strange eventful history” as life is full of unseen incidents and occurrences which cannot be predetermined.